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Gabatarwar ilimin tsarin taya

Lokaci: 2020-08-27 hits: 31

Tsarin taya shine "tsagi" akan taya. Akwai ilmi da yawa a nan. Misalin tsarin taya?

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An buga girman taya akan bangon taya, akwai hanyoyin wakilci iri biyu, kamar su 34 * 7 ko 7.50-20. Na farko taya mai matsa lamba ne, na biyun kuma taya mai matsin lamba. Hakanan akwai alamomi da yawa, kamar D don motoci masu sauƙi, F don matsakaiciyar motoci, G don motoci masu daidaituwa, H, L, J don manyan motocin alatu da manyan ayyuka. Idan an buga R a jikin bangon taya, kamar 175R13, wannan yana nufin cewa taya taya ne mai walƙiya, mai faɗi da tsayinsa ya kai 175mm (inci 6.9), kuma an ɗora shi a kan keken yana da diamita inci 13 ( 330mm) a kan dabaran. Kalmar RADIAL kuma galibi akan zana ta.

Lambar taya na daidaitaccen ƙasashen duniya yana bayyana kashi na tsayin sashi da ƙarancin flatness a milimita. Theara mai zuwa: lambar nau'in taya, rim diamita (inch), layin bayanai (lambar izini mai izinin da aka halatta), lambar izinin da aka yarda. Misali: a cikin 175 / 70R 14 77H, 175 yana wakiltar fadin taya 175mm ne, 70 yana wakiltar rabar faren bangaren taya ne 70%, ma’ana, tsayin sashin 70% na faɗin, R yana wakiltar taya mai radial, diamita bakin bakin yakai inci 14, ma'aunin kayan adadi shi ne 77, Sahihin damar shine ajin H.

An rarraba nau'ikan tayoyin da aka zana zuwa kashi biyar:
1. Tsarin tsaye da kwance

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Ab Adbuwan amfãni: Yana karɓar fa'idodi na kyakkyawan aikin magudanar ruwa da ƙananan amo na tsarin tsayi, yayin la'akari da ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin tasirin mai wucewa. Yana da mafi kyawun tuki da aikin taka birki fiye da tsarin tsayi mai tsayi. Sabili da haka, wannan nau'in taya na kwalliya yana da ƙarfin daidaitawa da aikace-aikace iri-iri. Ya dace da hanyoyi masu wuya daban-daban da hanyoyi masu ƙarancin yanayin hanya. Hakanan ya dace da motoci da manyan motoci. Sabili da haka, samfurin duka na tsaye da na kwance ya zama ƙirar Taya Babban al'ada.

Rashin Amfani: wearananan lalacewa da hawaye zasu faru.

2. Tsarin tsaye

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Abvantbuwan amfãni: Wannan ƙirar tana da kyakkyawan natsuwa na kulawa, ƙaramin juyawa na juyawa, kuma ba sauki ya zame gefe ba. Gabaɗaya ana amfani da shi ga hanyoyi tare da kyakkyawan yanayin hanya, kamar manyan hanyoyi ko hanyoyin birane. Juriya mai birgima yayin tuki karami ne, don haka ƙarfin gogayya tare da ƙasa ƙarami ne, wanda ke da kyakkyawar hanyar tuki kuma ya dace da tuki mai sauri. Kuma aikin magudanar taya mai tsayi yana da kyau, ba shi da sauƙi zamewa kan hanyoyin ruwa, kuma hayaniya yayin tuki ma ƙananan ne.

Rashin Amfani: Taka birki na taya mai dogon zango bashi da karfi, kuma karfin tuki ba shi da kyau kamar tayoyin wasu alamu. Bai dace da tituna da yanayi mara kyau kamar titin yashi ba.

3. Kashe-hanya juna

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Amfani: Hanyar hanyar-hanya an tsara ta musamman don daidaitawa zuwa bushe, rigar, titunan tsaunuka masu kankara da hanyoyi masu laka da yashi. Wannan taya taya kamar dan wasan pentathlon ne. Yana da fannoni da yawa kuma ana iya amfani dashi a cikin yanayi mai wahala da yanayi. Saboda haka, ita ce mafi kyawun taya ga matasa ko Jeep da sauran motocin da ke kan hanya. Tsarin ƙasa na ƙetare ya kasu kashi biyu: tsarin kwatance da tsarin kwatance, waɗanda alamomin shugabanci suke tafiya yayin amfani da su. Tayarin hanyar da ba ta kan hanya sun dace don amfani a kan titunan hanyoyi, titunan lalatattun hanyoyi da wuraren da babu hanya.

Rashin Amfani: Saboda matsin lamba na tsarin yana da girma kuma juriya na birgima babba ne, bai dace da tuki na dogon lokaci akan kyakkyawar hanya mai kyau ba. In ba haka ba, lalacewar taya zai karu, yawan amfani da mai zai karu, kuma motsin motar zai zama mai tsanani.

4. Tsarin kwance

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Abvantbuwan amfãni: Saboda samfurin yana ɗaukar zane a kwance, wurin saduwa tsakanin taya da ƙasa yana ƙaruwa. Duk ƙarfin birki da ƙarfin tuƙi suna da kyau, wanda ke gyara ƙarancin taya. Ya dace da mummunan karkara da wuraren gini. Yanayin zirga-zirga.

Rashin Amfani: Rashin magudanan ruwa da rashin saurin watsa taya. Bugu da kari, tayar ta gefen gefe tana kara hayaniya yayin kara wurin tuntubar kasa. Dangane da sassaucin abin hawa, ya zama ƙasa da tayoyin da aka tsara.

5. Tsarin laka da dusar ƙanƙara

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Amfani: An tsara fasalin taya a cikin bulo. Lokacin da abin hawa ke tuki a kan dusar ƙanƙara ko ƙasa mai laka, abin kwaikwayon yana cikin zurfin dusar ƙanƙara ko ƙasa mai laka, kuma abin hawa yana haifar da ƙarfin tuki. Sabili da haka, tsarin toshewa yana da mafi kyawun ƙarfin tuki da aikin taka birki tsakanin nau'ikan alamu guda huɗu. Koyaya, yayin amfani da wannan nau'in taya, tabbatar da cire sandunan da ke kan matakalar, in ba haka ba, zai lalata saman hanyar.

Rashin fa'ida: Kudin taya tayoyin kayan kwalliya sun yi yawa babba, kuma ba a amfani da wannan kwatancen don yanayin hanya na musamman. Lokaci ya yi nauyi, ana amfani da tayoyi a cikin dusar ƙanƙara, a lokacin hunturu ne kawai za a iya amfani da shi, kuma yana ɗaukar matsala mai yawa don adanawa.

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Matsayin samfurin taya:

A takaice, babban aikin fasalin taya shine kara tashin hankali tsakanin takun da farfajiyar hanya don hana ƙafafun zamewa, wanda yayi dai-dai da tsarin tafin kafa. Tsarin taya yana inganta kwarjinin tuntuɓar ƙasa. Karkashin aikin karfin karfi (kamar su tuki, karfin birki da karfi ta gefe) tsakanin matakalar da farfajiyar hanyar, toshewar na iya samar da nakasasassun abubuwa na roba. Lokacin da karfin karfi ya karu, tozartar da ke tattare da ita tana karuwa daidai da haka, kuma "tasirin gogayya" na fuskar sadarwar shima yana karuwa, ta haka yana danne yanayin bi ta zamewa ko zamewa. Wannan yana kawar da rashin fa'idar tayoyi mara haske (mara haske) waɗanda ke da sauƙin zamewa, yana sanya aikin mota dangane da aikin ɓarkewa tsakanin taya da hanyar saman-mai kuzari, taka birki, tuƙi tuƙi da kuma lafiyar tuki Akwai abin dogara garanti don wasa na al'ada.

Nazarin ya nuna cewa abubuwanda ke haifar da gogayya tsakanin matakalar da saman hanyar suma sun hada da mannewa tsakanin bangarorin biyu, tasirin tasirin kwayar halitta, da kuma dan karamin cutan da ke haifar da rashin daidaiton hanya a kan hanyar, amma babban rawar har yanzu shine toshewar nakasassu.